At Werrington Primary school in Reception, Key Stage 1 and those that need it in KS2, early reading is taught using synthetic phonics as the main approach to reading. Pupils are systematically taught the phonemes (sounds), how to blend the sounds all through the word for reading, and how to segment sounds to enable them to write words.
Children are taught to use their phonic skills and knowledge as their first approach to reading, but are also taught how to read high frequency and common exception words which so not completely follow phonics rules.
We follow the ‘Letters and Sounds’ programme to teach phonics, supplemented by Jolly Phonics songs and actions in Reception and Read Write Inc based letter formation rhymes to support handwriting formations in Year 1 and 2.
Phonics is taught through six phases, with each phase building on the skills and knowledge previously learnt. Children have lots of time and opportunities to practise and expand their ability to read and spell words. They are also taught to read and spell ‘tricky words’, which are the words that have unusual spelling patterns ad do not follow the phonics patterns and rules.
Phase 1: Reception:
The aim of this phase is to foster children’s speaking listening skills as preparation for learning to read with phonics.
Phases Two to four (Reception)
Phase two is when systematic, high quality phonic work begins. During phase 2 – 4 the children learn:
How to represent each of the forty two sounds by a letter or a sequence of letters (digraph/ trigraph).
How to blend each of the sounds by a letter or sequence of letters.
How to read and spell some high frequency ‘tricky’ words (eg my you her)
Phase 5 (Year 1)
Year 1 teach Phase 4 followed by Phase 5 and Phase 3 alongside each other to ensure consolidation and making links.
Children learn new ways of representing the sounds and practise blending for reading and segmenting for spelling.
Phase Six (Year Two) taught in conjunction with Year 2 SPag expectations and spelling rules.
During this phase, children become fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers.
Statutory phonics screening check
At the end of year one, your child will undergo a statutory phonics screening check. This is a statutory assessment which began in 2012.
All children in year one must take the check and any year two children who did not meet the expected standard in the previous year will take the check again.
The phonics screening check is designed to confirm whether or not individual children have learned phonics decoding to the appropriate standard.
We hold a parents phonics workshop to provide further details about the check.