The Governing Body
Governing bodies are made up of different types of governors.
- Parent governors - elected from parents of children registered at the school
- Staff governors - elected from the teaching staff at the school
- Authority governors - appointed by the local authority
- Co-opted governors - appointed by the governing body to provide specific expertise
Most governors serve for a four-year term of office.
• Parent governors – Elected by parents/carers of pupils on the
school roll at the time of election. They must be parents/carers of
pupils on the school roll to be eligible to stand for election. Parent
governors do not have to stand down if their child leaves the
school during their term of office, but they are only eligible to
stand for re-election at the end of their term of office if they still
have a child on the school roll. If there are not enough eligible
candidates to fill the number of vacancies, the governing body
may appoint someone from outside the school community who
has one or more children aged between 5 and 16.
• LEA governors – Governors appointed by the Local Authority
from nominations put forward by the local political party
secretaries, governing body or school.
• Staff governors – Elected by, and from, staff at the school. The
headteacher is a staff governor unless he or she chooses not to
• Community governors – Governors nominated and appointed
by the governing body. These are people who are representative
of the local community. They are chosen to reflect a balance of
interests and often include members of the local business
School governors have a strong focus on three core strategic functions:
- Ensuring clarity of vision, ethos and strategic direction
- Holding the headteacher to account for the educational performance of the school and its pupils
- Overseeing the financial performance of the school and making sure its money is well spent
The governors can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Role of the Governing Body
Why does the school have a Governing Body?
The school has a Governing Body to ensure that it has the capacity to improve and raise overall standards.
Ofsted considers the governing body to be part of the leadership and management of the school. However governors do not manage the school. That is the job of the head teacher and management team. Governors are there to be “a critical friend” to the head teacher and the school.
How do the Governors achieve this?
The Governors achieve this by:
- Receiving information about the school’s performance and comparing it with past performance, national averages and ‘similar schools’
- Contributing to the school self-evaluation process
- Establishing where the school’s strengths and weaknesses are
- Deciding the priorities for improvement
- Discussing and approving the school’s targets and timescales
- Ensuring that the school has a School Improvement Plan (SIP) that sets out all the actions to be taken
- Monitoring that implementation of the SIP, largely by receiving reports from the head teacher
- Evaluating progress and achievements
What are the powers and duties of the Governing Body?
- Standards - securing high standards of educational achievement
- Targets - setting appropriate targets for pupil achievement at Key Stage 2
- Curriculum - ensuring breadth and balance, and delivery of the National Curriculum (including Foundation Stage and RE)
- Reporting results - reporting on assessments and examination results
- Policies - deciding how, in broad strategic terms, the school should be run
- Performance management - carrying out the performance management process for the head teacher
- Finance - determining how to spend the budget allocated to the school
- Staffing - deciding on number of staff, the pay policy and making decisions on staff pay
- Appointments - appointing the head and deputy head teacher and other staff
- Special Educational Needs - ensuring the governing body’s responsibilities are carried out
- Discipline - agreeing procedures for staff conduct and discipline
- Inspection - agreeing and monitoring the school’s Self-Evaluation Form
Source: The National Training Programme for New Governors.